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An explanation of Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 4 Results

An explanation of Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 4 Results

 

School Performance Tables

Each year, the UK Government publishes information about how schools have performed compared to other schools. Information is published in December for Primary Schools and January for Secondary Schools. These are called Performance Tables and contain information about Attainment and Progress. The Government sets national minimum expected standards for attainment and progress called Floor Standards. Please click here to access the latest DFE School Performance Tables 2017 Once Performance Tables are published for 2018, a link will be added here for both Primary & Secondary data at Atlantic. Please note that information is never published that relates to individual students.

 

Attainment

At its simplest, attainment is a result, for example, a GCSE Grade 5 in Maths or a Scaled Score of 105 in the Key Stage 2 Reading Test. Results are also grouped together to provide school averages, for example, the percentage of students who achieved the nationally expected standard in Reading at the end of Year 6 or the percentage of students achieving a GCSE Grade 5 and above in both English & Maths at the end of Year 11.

 

A GCSE Grade 5 is the minimum expected standard for Year 11 students. GCSE Grades range from 9 (highest) to 1 (lowest). There is no exact equivalence between the new and old grading system of A* to G, however, Grade 5 is a similar level of achievement to a high grade C or low grade B in the old grading.

 

A Scaled Score of 100 in Reading and in Maths at the end of Key Stage 2 is the minimum expected standard for Year 6 students. Students achieving a Scaled Score of 110 or more are working at a higher standard. Scores are not awarded for Writing Teacher Assessment, therefore, students are assessed as achieving the expected standard in Writing (including working at greater depth within the expected standard) or not.

 

English Baccalaureate (EBacc)

The EBacc refers to a combination of subjects that the government thinks is important for young people to study at GCSE. It includes: English language and literature, maths, the sciences, geography or history and a language. The EBacc is included in the Secondary School Performance Tables as an attainment measure. The government’s ambition is to see 90% of GCSE students choosing the EBacc subject combination by 2025. Schools are measured on the number of pupils that take GCSEs in these core subjects and on how well their students do in these subjects. From 2018 onwards, the average point score will be the main measure of how well students perform in the EBacc. Please click here for more details about the EBacc.

 

Progress

Progress compares test and exam results over time e.g. how much progress a student makes from the end of Year 2 to the end of Year 6 and from the end of Year 6 to the end of Year 11. If two students achieved similar GCSE Results, but the first student did less well at Key Stage 2, this student would be considered to have made more progress. If two students achieved similar Key Stage 2 Results, but the first student achieved more at Key Stage 1, this student would be considered to have made less progress.

 

Primary Floor Standards

There are two elements to the Primary Floor Standard. Schools must achieve at least one of these standards to be considered above the Primary Floor Standard:

  1. 65% or more students to achieve the minimum expected standard in all of the Reading Test, Writing Teacher Assessment and the Maths Test.
  2. Students make sufficient progress in each of Reading, Writing, & Maths. Primary Progress Scores normally range from -1 to +1.
    • A Score of zero means that pupils on average do as well at Key Stage 2 as other pupils across England who got similar results at the end of Key Stage 1 (Year 2).
    • A Score above zero means pupils on average made more progress.
    • A Score below zero mean on average pupils made less progress.

 

Secondary Floor Standard

A school is above the secondary floor standard if it’s Progress Score (called Progress 8) is above the national average.  Please click here if you would like to know more detail about how Progress 8 is calculated.

  • A score of zero means that pupils on average do as well at Key Stage 4 as other pupils across England who got similar results at the end of Key Stage 2 (Year 6).
  • A score above zero means pupils on average made more progress.
  • A score below zero mean on average pupils made less progress.

 

Disadvantaged Students

Schools are required to publish data about disadvantaged students. This is because on average, the performance of disadvantaged students is lower than that of other students. Disadvantaged students are defined as those who were eligible for free school meals at any time during the last 6 years and children looked after (in the care of the local authority for a day or more or who have been adopted from care).

 

Key Stage 4 Pupil Destination Measure

Destination means what students went on to do after they finished school in Year 11 and is reported as the percentage of students staying in education or employment after Key stage 4. This information will be included when published.